- Random
- External Resources

- Books and Articles
- Sites for Course Materials
- Data Sites
- Sites for Statistical Packages
- Sites for Organizations and Journals

Please recall that links to external sites open in new browser tabs, and are not part of this project.

The books and articles in this list are ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author. We give the author, title, and date of initial publication only; we have not tried to keep up with the myriad editions and re-printings, or the ever-changing names and websites of the publishers. Often older works have different publishers at different times, and sometimes works originally in print are now available online. The links give Google search results for the title and author, which should give ample information for obtaining the works.

- On the Algebraic and Numerical Theory of Errors of Observations and the Combination of Observations. George Airy (1875)
- Data: a collection of problems from many fields for the student and research worker. DF Andrews, AM Herzberg (1985)

- Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics. Lee J Bain and Max Engelhardt (1987)
- Essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances. Thomas Bayes (1764)
- Examination of randomness in alpha particle emissions. J Berkson (1966)
- Acta Eruditorum. Jacob Bernoulli (1692)
- Ars Conjectandi. Jacob Bernoull (1713)
- Calcul des Probabilitiés. Joseph Louis Bertrand (1889)
- Sex Bias in Graduate Admissions: Data from Berkeley. PJ Bickel, EA Hammel, and JW O'Connell (1975).
- Probability and Measure. Patrick Billingsley (1986)
- The Theory of Games and Statistical Decisions. David Blackwell and MA Girshick (1954)
- Problems and Snapshots from the World of Probability. Gunnar Blom, Lars Holst, and Dennis Sandell (1994)
- An investigation into the Laws of Thought, on Which are founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities. George Boole (1854)
- The Law of Small Numbers, Ladislaus Bortkiewicz (1898)
- Statistics of the 1954 Polio Vaccine Trials. KA Brownlee (1955)
- Sur le jeu de franc-carreau. Georges Louis Lecler, Compte de Buffon (1777)

- Liber de Ludo Aleae. Girolama Cardano (15??)
- Statistical Inference. George Casella and Rober L Berger (1990)
- Introduction to Stochastic Processes. Erhan Çinlar (1975)

- Random Walks and Electrical Networks. Peter Doyle and Laurie Snell (1984)
- Games, Gods, and Gambling. Florence David (1962)
- The Doctrine of Chances. Abraham De Moivre (1718)
- A Budget of Paradoxes. Augustus De Morgan (1872)
- The Gambler. Fyodor Dostoyevskyj (1867)
- Inequalities for Stochastic Processes (How to Gamble if You Must). Lester E Dubbins and Leonard J Savage (1965)
- The Essentials of Probability. Richard Durrett (1994)
- Lecture Notes on Particle Systems and Percolation. Richard Durrett (1988)
- Probability: Theory and Examples. Richard Durrett (1991)

- Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement. Albert Einstein (1905)
- The Theory of Gambling and Statistical Logic. Richard A Epstein (1977)
- The Elements. Eudlid (300 BCE)
- An Introduction to the History of Mathematics. Howard Eves (1953)

- An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications, Volume I. William Feller (1957)
- An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications, Volume II. William Feller (1971)
- Who Solved the Secretary Problem?. Tom Ferguson (1989)
- Graphical Aids for Stochastic Processes (GASP). Bob Fisch and David Griffeath (1988)
- The Use of Multiple Measurements in Axonomic Problems, RA Fisher (1936)
- An Evaluation of the 1954 Poliomyelitis Vaccine Trials. Thomas Francis, Robert Korn, et al. (1955)
- Statistics. David Freedman, Robert Pisani and Robert Purves (1989)

- Hereditary Genius. Francis Galton (1869)
- Regression Towards Mediocrity in Hereditary Stature. Francis Galton (1886)
- Percolation. Geoffrey Grimmett (1989)
- Probability and Random Processes. Geoffrey Grimmett and David Stritzaker (1982)

- Inequalities, Godfrey Hardy, JE Littlewood, and George Pólya (1934)
- A Mathematician's Apology. Godfrey Hardy (1940)
- A Statistical Derivation of the Significant Digit Law. Theodore P Hill (1995)

- Diffusion Processes and their Sample Paths. Kiyosi Ito and Henry McKean (1965)

- Urn Models and Their Application. Norman L Johnson and Samuel Kotz (1977)
- Univariate Discrete Distributions. Norman L Johnson, Samuel Kotz, and Adrienne Kemp (1992)
- Continuous Univariate Distributions (two volumes). Norman L Johnson, Samuel Kotz, and N Balakrishnan (1994)
- Discrete Multivariate Distributions. Norman L Johnson, Samuel Kotz, and N Balakrishnan (2004)
- Continuous Multivariate Distributions: Models and Applications. Norman L Johnson, Samuel Kotz, and N Balakrishnan (2000)

- An Introduction to Stochastic Processes. Edward PC Kao (1996)
- A First Course in Stochastic Processes. Samuel Karlin and Howard Taylor (1975)
- A Second Course in Stochastic Processes. Samuel Karlin and Howard Taylor (1981)
- The Probability of Heads. Joseph B Keller (1986)
- Poisson Processes. JFC Kingman (1992)
- Grundbegriffe der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. Andre Kolmogorov (1933)

- Theorie Analytique des Probabilites. Pierre Laplace (1812)
- Philosophical Essay on Probabilities. Pierre Laplace (1814)
- An Introduction to Mathematical Statistics and Its Applications. Richard J Larsen and Morris L Marx (2006)
- Basic Concepts of Probability and Statistics. Erich Lehmann and JL Hodges (1970)
- Elements of Finite Probability. Erich Lehmann and JL Hodges (1965)
- Nonparametrics: Statistical Methods Based on Ranks. Erich Lehmann (2006)
- Testing Statistical Hypotheses, Erich Lehmann (1959)
- Leçons sur l'intégration et la recherché des fonctions primitives. Henri Lebesgue (1904)
- Interacting Particle Systems. Thomas M Liggett (1983)

- Young Men and Fire. Norman Maclean (1993)
- Discrete Gambling and Stochastic Games. AP Maitra and William D Sudderth (1996)
- The Great Depression. Robert S. McElvaine (1984)
- The Velocity of Light. Albert Michelson (1903)
- Essay d' Analyse sur les Jeux de Hazard. Pierre-Redmond Montmort (1708)

- Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematicae. Isaac Newton (1687)

- Cardano, The Gambling Scholar. Oystein Ore (1953)

- The Mathematics of Games and Gambling. Edward Packel (1981)
- The Future of Mathematics. Henri Poincaré (1909)
- Recherches sur la probabilité des jugements. Simeon Poisson (1837)
- How to Solve It. George Pólya (1945)
- Numerical Recipes, The Art of Scientific Computing. Willian H Press, Brian P Flannery, Saul A Teukolsky, and William T Vetterling (1986)

- Sur l'homme et le développement de ses facultés, essai d'une physique sociale. Adolphe Quetelet (1835)

- Adventures in Stochastic Processes, Sidney I Resnick (1992)
- Mathematical Statistics and Data Analysis. John A Rice (1988)
- Applied Combinatorics. Fred S Roberts (1984)
- A First Course in Probability. Sheldon Ross (1976)
- Introduction to Probability Models. Sheldon Ross (1972)
- Stochastic Processes. Sheldon Ross (1983)
- Principia Mathematica. Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead (1910–1912)

- General Theory of Markov Processes. Michael Sharpe (1988)
- An Account of the Transit of Venus over the Sun. James Short (1763)
- Interactive Probability. Kyle Siegrist (1996)
- Geometric Probability. Herbert Solomon (1978)
- History of Mathematics. David Eugene Smith (1958)
- On the Mode of Communication of Cholera. John Snow (1855)
- Principles of Random Walk. Frank Spitzer (1964)
- Do robust estimators work with real data? Stephen M Stigler (1977)

- A History of the Mathematical Theory of Probability from the Time of Pascal to that of Laplace. Issac Todhunter (1865)
- Elementary Statistics. Mario Triola (1980)
- Applied Combinatorics. Alan Tucker (1978)
- Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative. Edward Tufte (1990)

- A Collection of Mathematical Problems, Stanislaw Ulam (1960)
- Adventures of a Mathematician, Stanislaw Ulam (1983)
- Science, Computers, and People: From the Tree of Mathematics, Stanislaw Ulam (1986)

- Logic of Chance. John Venn (1866)
- Symbolic Logic. John Venn (1881)
- The Principles of Empirical or Inductive Logic. John Venn (1889)
- Ask Marilyn on The Monty Hall Problem. Marilyn Vos Savant (1990)

- A Statistical Distribution Function of Wide Applicability. Waloddi Weibull (1951)
- Introductory Statistics. Neil A Weiss (1998)
- Measure and Integral. Richard L Wheeden and Antoni Zygmund (1977)
- Probability via Expectation. Peter Whittle (1970)
- Cybernetics: or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Norbert Wiener (1948)
- Nonlinear Problems in Random Theory. Norbert Wiener (1958)
- Statistics. Robert S Witte (1980)

- On Numbers. Xenocrates (c. 350 BCE)
- The Theory of Numbers. Xenocrates (c. 350 BCE)

- On the Theory of Correlation, George Yule (1897)
- The Statistical Study of Literary Vocabulary. George Yule (1944)

- Selective Studies and the Principle of Relative Frequency in Language. George Zipf (1932)
- Trigonometric Series. Antoni Zygmund (1935)

As a Google search will tell you, the number of websites related to probability, mathematical statistics, and stochastic processes is simply bewildering. In our short list, we give only sites that are mature, stable, actively maintained, avoid proprietary plug-ins, and are freely available, or those that have a special relevance for this project.

These are sites that provide course materials, usually expository text, graphics, data sets, and apps.

- Wikipedia articles on probability
- Wikipedia statistics portal
- Wikipedia articles on probability distributions
- Wikipedia articles on stochastic processes
- Wolfram MathWorld articles on probability and statistics
- Chance Database
- CAUSEWeb
- History of Mathematics
- Distributome
- Convergence
- Math Forum.
- Statistics Online Computational Resource

These are sites that serve primarily as libraries of data sets.

- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Centers for Disease Control
- Data and Story Library
- Gallup Organization
- National Center for Education Statistics
- The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press
- Roper Center for Public Opinion
- Statistical Reference Datasets
- StatLib
- US Census Bureau
- NCAR Geophysical Statistics Project

These are sites that provide tools for performing statistical procedures (in some cases online).

These are sites for organizations and journals in probability and statistics.

- American Statistical Association
- The Electronic Journal of Probability
- Institute of Mathematical Statistics
- InterStat
- Journal of Official Statistics
- Journal of Statistics Education
- Journal of Statistical Software

There are incalculable resources in the human spirit, once it has been set free

—Hubert Humphrey